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Can My Child Have Goat Milk or Cheese with A Cow Milk Allergy?

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My child has a cow milk allergy. Can they have goat milk or cheese?

Cow milk contains several proteins (e.g. casein, whey) that can trigger an allergic reaction. Goat, sheep, and other unmodified animal milks and cheeses are not recommended for people with cow milk allergies. This is because the proteins in these milks and cheeses are very similar to the proteins in cow milk. Studies have shown that about 90% of people with a cow milk allergy will react to goat or sheep milk.

Food Allergy, Milk Allergy
Answered by

John M. James, MD, is a board-certified allergist. He is also President of Food Allergy Consulting and Education Services, LLC. He has worked as a medical specialist in the field of allergy, asthma, and immunology for over 30 years. Dr. James received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Arkansas and his Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of Tennessee. He is board certified by the American Board of Allergy and Immunology.

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